A denial of your application for naturalization is not the end! Form N-336 is your second chance. Keep reading to find out how.
For a fact, getting rejected in anything at all will leave a bad taste in your mouth. But getting your petition for U.S. citizenship rejected will leave you with more than just a bad taste. You finally managed to accrue time to naturalize, paid the fees, and filed your Form N-400. But instead of getting an approval notice, what you received is a notice of denial.
This situation will put your efforts to waste and leave you crestfallen – if there was no solution. Rather than a solution, let’s call it a “second chance”. And we are here to tell you how this “second chance” – Form N-336 works.
Importantly: the first question is whether you should file an N-336 or not. Many times the denial of an N-400 can be corrected by fixing the error in a new N-400 application. But if USCIS will continue to deny your N-400’s, then an N-336 is appropriate. Remember, if you made a mistake in filing your N-400 and it got denied (such as spending too much time outside the US) or there is a negative history (such as a criminal conviction in the 5 year period prior to filing) then an N-336 will probably not work. When you file an N-336 you have to show that USCIS misapplied the law or misunderstood a fact about your case. If USCIS was correct in denying your case under the law, don’t bother trying to tell them they were wrong by doing the N-336. Fix the problem and refile your N-400.
Just because you have the right to file an N-336 doesn’t mean it’s always a good idea. Only an experienced attorney should be making this decision for you. (Contact us: we can help!)
Form N-336 is also called “Request For a Hearing On a Decision in Naturalization Proceedings”. This name should be enough to give you an idea of what happens at an N-336 hearing.
It allows you to seek a hearing against the denial of your Form N-400 (Application For Naturalization). It gives you a chance to appeal if you feel that your application was wrongfully denied. The hearing will be conducted within 180 days of filing your N-336, and a new decision will be made on your N-400.
All these are just basic information to prepare you to file an N-336. If you want to see the full instructions for Form N-336, then you should visit the official USCIS website.
If you submitted your form N-336 properly within the deadline, USCIS is supposed to conduct your hearing within 180 days. (Note: this doesn’t always happen.)
A new officer will be in charge of the hearing, and effectively, your application. The officer will review your records, and you may be required to provide more evidence.
Once the review is finished, the officer will then give a new decision, to approve or deny your application.
If your application still gets rejected at the N-336 hearing, you may file an appeal to review your application for naturalization in a federal court. This review will be carried out by a federal judge, completely independent of USCIS control.
Importantly, your issue may be so complex that you want to head directly to federal court. However, you generally have to go through the N-336 first before going to court.
If you want to file Form N-336, you must keep the following things in mind:
Getting your N-400 denied is not the end! When you receive a notice of denial, you’ll be given two choices: To accept the decision or to appeal.
This is evidence that Form N-336 is your right. If you’re going to exercise this right, you might as well give it your best shot. To do so, you cannot go wrong with hiring the best immigration lawyers around.
So, contact The HMA Law Firm today! Our attorneys will not only give you tailored guidance but will also fight for you from the start to the end of your hearing.
Don’t give up! We will never let your efforts go to waste.